# A simple calculator in Python

A while back, I wrote a simple calculator in Ruby. A few minutes ago I ran into a similar question in Stackoverflow, and decided to implement the Python version:

```def is_number(s):
try:
float(s)
return True
except ValueError:
return False

def calc(expr):
if is_number(expr):
return float(expr)
arr = expr.split('+')
if len(arr) > 1:
return sum(map(calc, arr))
arr = expr.split('-')
if len(arr) > 1:
return reduce(lambda x,y: x-y, map(calc, arr))
arr = expr.split('*')
if len(arr) > 1:
return reduce(lambda x,y: x*y, map(calc, arr), 1)
arr = expr.split('/')
if len(arr) > 1:
return reduce(lambda x,y: x/y, map(calc, arr))

print calc("3+4-2 *2/ 2")    # 5
```

Nice, isn’t it?

# A simple calculator in Ruby

Today I ran (again) into the following question:

• Write a function that doesn’t use eval that calculates input strings with operators +,-,*,/ eg. “5+5*6+4/2″ should output 37

The first time I ran into this question I designed a solution, in Java, which had a SimpleCalculator class, and `enam Operation` which supported the four basic arithmetic operations: +-*/ each of which had an `apply` method etc. Very object oriented.

When I read this question today, I figured that it would be a nice exercise to do in Ruby – a few minutes later the result spread, elegantly, over less than 20 lines of code (and I bet that a professional Rubiest can do it in less)!

```def is_number? expr
return false if expr.nil?
expr = "#{expr}"              # we need this condition in case the expr is a number
expr.match /^(\d+|\d+\.\d+)\$/ # since match() is defined only for strings
end

def calc(expr)
return expr.to_i if is_number? expr
expr.gsub!(" ","") # clean the string from whitespaces
# pay attention to the order: + and - should come before * and /
# can you figure out why ?
arr = expr.split /\+/
return arr.inject(0){|x,y| calc(x) + calc(y) } if arr.size > 1
arr = expr.split /\-/
return arr.inject(0){|x,y| calc(x) - calc(y) } if arr.size > 1
arr = expr.split /\*/
return arr.inject(1){|x,y| calc(x) * calc(y) } if arr.size > 1
arr = expr.split /\//
return arr.inject   {|x,y| calc(x) / calc(y) } if arr.size > 1
end

puts calc("5+5* 6+4/2.0")
#output 37
```

Do you have a better/shorter/more elegant solution ?